Naum Gabo

(1890-1977)
Naum Gabo, born Naum Pevsner in Briansk, Russia, was a pioneer of the Constructivist movement and one of the most important and influential sculptors of the twentieth century.


Gabo trained in Munich as a scientist and engineer before making his first constructions while living in Oslo in 1915 under the name Naum Gabo, a name he took to distinguish himself from his brother Antoine Pevsner. From 1917 - 1922 he lived in Moscow where he worked with Wassily Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich and Vladimir Tatlin. After moving to Paris in the 1920s, he moved to London in 1933, where he worked with Ben Nicholson. Together they edited the manifesto 'Circle' in 1937. He went to St. Ives with Nicholson during the war, and then emigrated to America, where he spent the rest of his life.


Naum Gabo has been involved in exhibitions at major institutions worldwide, including a traveling retrospective at the Dallas Museum of Art; Art Gallery of Toronto; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Akademie der Künste, Berlin; Kunstsammling Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf; and Tate Gallery, London (1985-87). Other retrospectives include those held at Nasjonalgalleriet, Oslo (1971); Nationalgalerie, Berlin (1971); Musée national d'art moderne, Paris (1972); Albright-Knox Gallery, Buffalo, New York (1968); and Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (1965).